But after a short time the majority of new cases come from the population termed "men who have sex with men" MSMs — gays and bisexuals. In his report to the Human Rights Council, the independent expert expressed concern about several reports received of prolonged detentions and persons held without access to legal aid.
In June Amnesty International called for the release of detainees including college students, political activists, and civil society activists who were being held by national authorities at the time. Largely unregulated artisanal gold-mining activities continued to expand in all of the Darfur states and to be a source of tension between communities.
UN agencies experienced constraints regarding access, although the government granted some travel permits to Central, South, and West Darfur. The alternative was a month in prison. In February, Human Rights Watch issued a report detailing the mass rape.
The King's governor in Montreal recognized the justice of the officer's request and ordered the trial and the accused to be transferred to Quebec. The Ministry of Interior oversees the national police, including the security police, Special Forces police, traffic police, and the combat-trained Central Reserve Police.
In Darfur judges were often absent from their posts, thus delaying trials. In January the Court of Appeals changed the conviction of the primary defendant from "premeditated murder" to "semi-premeditated murder" and reduced his sentence from death to five years in prison and payment of a compensatory fine.
New World equivalents are harder to find, but evidence of one case of same gender sexuality does survive from early nineteenth century Montréal.