The results obtained by Stéphane Nadaud and Olivier Vecho confirm earlier studies: the psychological profiles of these children show no fundamental difference with those of the general population. Secularization was not as rapid in France as in Quebec, where the influence of Catholicism has much more notably diminished.
Indeed, courts of law considered that gays and lesbians did not have a close enough relationship with their children, that lesbians were less maternal than heterosexual women or even that homosexuality was a disease.
Cadoret, M. Mallon, G. In same-sex parent families, children do not spring from the procreative sexuality of their parents. Abstracts Français English.